Source code for tables.description

"""Classes for describing columns for ``Table`` objects."""

import copy
import warnings

import numpy as np

from . import atom
from .path import check_name_validity

__docformat__ = 'reStructuredText'
"""The format of documentation strings in this module."""

def same_position(oldmethod):
    """Decorate `oldmethod` to also compare the `_v_pos` attribute."""
    def newmethod(self, other):
        except AttributeError:
            return False  # not a column definition
        return self._v_pos == other._v_pos and oldmethod(self, other)
    newmethod.__name__ = oldmethod.__name__
    newmethod.__doc__ = oldmethod.__doc__
    return newmethod

[docs]class Col(atom.Atom, metaclass=type): """Defines a non-nested column. Col instances are used as a means to declare the different properties of a non-nested column in a table or nested column. Col classes are descendants of their equivalent Atom classes (see :ref:`AtomClassDescr`), but their instances have an additional _v_pos attribute that is used to decide the position of the column inside its parent table or nested column (see the IsDescription class in :ref:`IsDescriptionClassDescr` for more information on column positions). In the same fashion as Atom, you should use a particular Col descendant class whenever you know the exact type you will need when writing your code. Otherwise, you may use one of the Col.from_*() factory methods. Each factory method inherited from the Atom class is available with the same signature, plus an additional pos parameter (placed in last position) which defaults to None and that may take an integer value. This parameter might be used to specify the position of the column in the table. Besides, there are the next additional factory methods, available only for Col objects. The following parameters are available for most Col-derived constructors. Parameters ---------- itemsize : int For types with a non-fixed size, this sets the size in bytes of individual items in the column. shape : tuple Sets the shape of the column. An integer shape of N is equivalent to the tuple (N,). dflt Sets the default value for the column. pos : int Sets the position of column in table. If unspecified, the position will be randomly selected. """ _class_from_prefix = {} # filled as column classes are created """Maps column prefixes to column classes.""" @classmethod def prefix(cls): """Return the column class prefix.""" cname = cls.__name__ return cname[:cname.rfind('Col')]
[docs] @classmethod def from_atom(cls, atom, pos=None, _offset=None): """Create a Col definition from a PyTables atom. An optional position may be specified as the pos argument. """ prefix = atom.prefix() kwargs = atom._get_init_args() colclass = cls._class_from_prefix[prefix] return colclass(pos=pos, _offset=_offset, **kwargs)
@classmethod def from_sctype(cls, sctype, shape=(), dflt=None, pos=None): """Create a `Col` definition from a NumPy scalar type `sctype`. Optional shape, default value and position may be specified as the `shape`, `dflt` and `pos` arguments, respectively. Information in the `sctype` not represented in a `Col` is ignored. """ newatom = atom.Atom.from_sctype(sctype, shape, dflt) return cls.from_atom(newatom, pos=pos) @classmethod def from_dtype(cls, dtype, dflt=None, pos=None, _offset=None): """Create a `Col` definition from a NumPy `dtype`. Optional default value and position may be specified as the `dflt` and `pos` arguments, respectively. The `dtype` must have a byte order which is irrelevant or compatible with that of the system. Information in the `dtype` not represented in a `Col` is ignored. """ newatom = atom.Atom.from_dtype(dtype, dflt) return cls.from_atom(newatom, pos=pos, _offset=_offset) @classmethod def from_type(cls, type, shape=(), dflt=None, pos=None): """Create a `Col` definition from a PyTables `type`. Optional shape, default value and position may be specified as the `shape`, `dflt` and `pos` arguments, respectively. """ newatom = atom.Atom.from_type(type, shape, dflt) return cls.from_atom(newatom, pos=pos) @classmethod def from_kind(cls, kind, itemsize=None, shape=(), dflt=None, pos=None): """Create a `Col` definition from a PyTables `kind`. Optional item size, shape, default value and position may be specified as the `itemsize`, `shape`, `dflt` and `pos` arguments, respectively. Bear in mind that not all columns support a default item size. """ newatom = atom.Atom.from_kind(kind, itemsize, shape, dflt) return cls.from_atom(newatom, pos=pos) @classmethod def _subclass_from_prefix(cls, prefix): """Get a column subclass for the given `prefix`.""" cname = '%sCol' % prefix class_from_prefix = cls._class_from_prefix if cname in class_from_prefix: return class_from_prefix[cname] atombase = getattr(atom, '%sAtom' % prefix) class NewCol(cls, atombase): """Defines a non-nested column of a particular type. The constructor accepts the same arguments as the equivalent `Atom` class, plus an additional ``pos`` argument for position information, which is assigned to the `_v_pos` attribute. """ def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): pos = kwargs.pop('pos', None) offset = kwargs.pop('_offset', None) class_from_prefix = self._class_from_prefix atombase.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs) # The constructor of an abstract atom may have changed # the class of `self` to something different of `NewCol` # and `atombase` (that's why the prefix map is saved). if self.__class__ is not NewCol: colclass = class_from_prefix[self.prefix()] self.__class__ = colclass self._v_pos = pos self._v_offset = offset __eq__ = same_position(atombase.__eq__) _is_equal_to_atom = same_position(atombase._is_equal_to_atom) # XXX: API incompatible change for PyTables 3 line # Overriding __eq__ blocks inheritance of __hash__ in 3.x # def __hash__(self): # return hash((self._v_pos, self.atombase)) if prefix == 'Enum': _is_equal_to_enumatom = same_position( atombase._is_equal_to_enumatom) NewCol.__name__ = cname class_from_prefix[prefix] = NewCol return NewCol def __repr__(self): # Reuse the atom representation. atomrepr = super().__repr__() lpar = atomrepr.index('(') rpar = atomrepr.rindex(')') atomargs = atomrepr[lpar + 1:rpar] classname = self.__class__.__name__ return f'{classname}({atomargs}, pos={self._v_pos})' def _get_init_args(self): """Get a dictionary of instance constructor arguments.""" kwargs = {arg: getattr(self, arg) for arg in ('shape', 'dflt')} kwargs['pos'] = getattr(self, '_v_pos', None) return kwargs
def _generate_col_classes(): """Generate all column classes.""" # Abstract classes are not in the class map. cprefixes = ['Int', 'UInt', 'Float', 'Time'] for (kind, kdata) in atom.atom_map.items(): if hasattr(kdata, 'kind'): # atom class: non-fixed item size atomclass = kdata cprefixes.append(atomclass.prefix()) else: # dictionary: fixed item size for atomclass in kdata.values(): cprefixes.append(atomclass.prefix()) # Bottom-level complex classes are not in the type map, of course. # We still want the user to get the compatibility warning, though. cprefixes.extend(['Complex32', 'Complex64', 'Complex128']) if hasattr(atom, 'Complex192Atom'): cprefixes.append('Complex192') if hasattr(atom, 'Complex256Atom'): cprefixes.append('Complex256') for cprefix in cprefixes: newclass = Col._subclass_from_prefix(cprefix) yield newclass # Create all column classes. # for _newclass in _generate_col_classes(): # exec('%s = _newclass' % _newclass.__name__) # del _newclass StringCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('String') BoolCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Bool') EnumCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Enum') IntCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Int') Int8Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Int8') Int16Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Int16') Int32Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Int32') Int64Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Int64') UIntCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('UInt') UInt8Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('UInt8') UInt16Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('UInt16') UInt32Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('UInt32') UInt64Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('UInt64') FloatCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Float') if hasattr(atom, 'Float16Atom'): Float16Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Float16') Float32Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Float32') Float64Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Float64') if hasattr(atom, 'Float96Atom'): Float96Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Float96') if hasattr(atom, 'Float128Atom'): Float128Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Float128') ComplexCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Complex') Complex32Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Complex32') Complex64Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Complex64') Complex128Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Complex128') if hasattr(atom, 'Complex192Atom'): Complex192Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Complex192') if hasattr(atom, 'Complex256Atom'): Complex256Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Complex256') TimeCol = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Time') Time32Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Time32') Time64Col = Col._subclass_from_prefix('Time64') # Table description classes # =========================
[docs]class Description: """This class represents descriptions of the structure of tables. An instance of this class is automatically bound to Table (see :ref:`TableClassDescr`) objects when they are created. It provides a browseable representation of the structure of the table, made of non-nested (Col - see :ref:`ColClassDescr`) and nested (Description) columns. Column definitions under a description can be accessed as attributes of it (*natural naming*). For instance, if table.description is a Description instance with a column named col1 under it, the later can be accessed as table.description.col1. If col1 is nested and contains a col2 column, this can be accessed as table.description.col1.col2. Because of natural naming, the names of members start with special prefixes, like in the Group class (see :ref:`GroupClassDescr`). .. rubric:: Description attributes .. attribute:: _v_colobjects A dictionary mapping the names of the columns hanging directly from the associated table or nested column to their respective descriptions (Col - see :ref:`ColClassDescr` or Description - see :ref:`DescriptionClassDescr` instances). .. versionchanged:: 3.0 The *_v_colObjects* attribute has been renamed into *_v_colobjects*. .. attribute:: _v_dflts A dictionary mapping the names of non-nested columns hanging directly from the associated table or nested column to their respective default values. .. attribute:: _v_dtype The NumPy type which reflects the structure of this table or nested column. You can use this as the dtype argument of NumPy array factories. .. attribute:: _v_dtypes A dictionary mapping the names of non-nested columns hanging directly from the associated table or nested column to their respective NumPy types. .. attribute:: _v_is_nested Whether the associated table or nested column contains further nested columns or not. .. attribute:: _v_itemsize The size in bytes of an item in this table or nested column. .. attribute:: _v_name The name of this description group. The name of the root group is '/'. .. attribute:: _v_names A list of the names of the columns hanging directly from the associated table or nested column. The order of the names matches the order of their respective columns in the containing table. .. attribute:: _v_nested_descr A nested list of pairs of (name, format) tuples for all the columns under this table or nested column. You can use this as the dtype and descr arguments of NumPy array factories. .. versionchanged:: 3.0 The *_v_nestedDescr* attribute has been renamed into *_v_nested_descr*. .. attribute:: _v_nested_formats A nested list of the NumPy string formats (and shapes) of all the columns under this table or nested column. You can use this as the formats argument of NumPy array factories. .. versionchanged:: 3.0 The *_v_nestedFormats* attribute has been renamed into *_v_nested_formats*. .. attribute:: _v_nestedlvl The level of the associated table or nested column in the nested datatype. .. attribute:: _v_nested_names A nested list of the names of all the columns under this table or nested column. You can use this as the names argument of NumPy array factories. .. versionchanged:: 3.0 The *_v_nestedNames* attribute has been renamed into *_v_nested_names*. .. attribute:: _v_pathname Pathname of the table or nested column. .. attribute:: _v_pathnames A list of the pathnames of all the columns under this table or nested column (in preorder). If it does not contain nested columns, this is exactly the same as the :attr:`Description._v_names` attribute. .. attribute:: _v_types A dictionary mapping the names of non-nested columns hanging directly from the associated table or nested column to their respective PyTables types. .. attribute:: _v_offsets A list of offsets for all the columns. If the list is empty, means that there are no padding in the data structure. However, the support for offsets is currently limited to flat tables; for nested tables, the potential padding is always removed (exactly the same as in pre-3.5 versions), and this variable is set to empty. .. versionadded:: 3.5 Previous to this version all the compound types were converted internally to 'packed' types, i.e. with no padding between the component types. Starting with 3.5, the holes in native HDF5 types (non-nested) are honored and replicated during dataset and attribute copies. """ def __init__(self, classdict, nestedlvl=-1, validate=True, ptparams=None): if not classdict: raise ValueError("cannot create an empty data type") # Do a shallow copy of classdict just in case this is going to # be shared by other instances newdict = self.__dict__ newdict["_v_name"] = "/" # The name for root descriptor newdict["_v_names"] = [] newdict["_v_dtypes"] = {} newdict["_v_types"] = {} newdict["_v_dflts"] = {} newdict["_v_colobjects"] = {} newdict["_v_is_nested"] = False nestedFormats = [] nestedDType = [] if not hasattr(newdict, "_v_nestedlvl"): newdict["_v_nestedlvl"] = nestedlvl + 1 cols_with_pos = [] # colum (position, name) pairs cols_no_pos = [] # just column names cols_offsets = [] # the offsets of the columns valid_offsets = False # by default there a no valid offsets # Check for special variables and convert column descriptions for (name, descr) in classdict.items(): if name.startswith('_v_'): if name in newdict: # print("Warning!") # special methods &c: copy to newdict, warn about conflicts warnings.warn("Can't set attr %r in description class %r" % (name, self)) else: # print("Special variable!-->", name, classdict[name]) newdict[name] = descr continue # This variable is not needed anymore columns = None if (type(descr) == type(IsDescription) and issubclass(descr, IsDescription)): # print("Nested object (type I)-->", name) columns = descr().columns elif (type(descr.__class__) == type(IsDescription) and issubclass(descr.__class__, IsDescription)): # print("Nested object (type II)-->", name) columns = descr.columns elif isinstance(descr, dict): # print("Nested object (type III)-->", name) columns = descr else: # print("Nested object (type IV)-->", name) descr = copy.copy(descr) # The copies above and below ensure that the structures # provided by the user will remain unchanged even if we # tamper with the values of ``_v_pos`` here. if columns is not None: descr = Description(copy.copy(columns), self._v_nestedlvl, ptparams=ptparams) classdict[name] = descr pos = getattr(descr, '_v_pos', None) if pos is None: cols_no_pos.append(name) else: cols_with_pos.append((pos, name)) offset = getattr(descr, '_v_offset', None) if offset is not None: cols_offsets.append(offset) # Sort field names: # # 1. Fields with explicit positions, according to their # positions (and their names if coincident). # 2. Fields with no position, in alphabetical order. cols_with_pos.sort() cols_no_pos.sort() keys = [name for (pos, name) in cols_with_pos] + cols_no_pos pos = 0 nested = False # Get properties for compound types for k in keys: if validate: # Check for key name validity check_name_validity(k) # Class variables object = classdict[k] newdict[k] = object # To allow natural naming if not isinstance(object, (Col, Description)): raise TypeError('Passing an incorrect value to a table column.' ' Expected a Col (or subclass) instance and ' 'got: "%s". Please make use of the Col(), or ' 'descendant, constructor to properly ' 'initialize columns.' % object) object._v_pos = pos # Set the position of this object object._v_parent = self # The parent description pos += 1 newdict['_v_colobjects'][k] = object newdict['_v_names'].append(k) object.__dict__['_v_name'] = k if not isinstance(k, str): # numpy only accepts "str" for field names # Python 3.x: bytes --> str (unicode) kk = k.decode() else: kk = k if isinstance(object, Col): dtype = object.dtype newdict['_v_dtypes'][k] = dtype newdict['_v_types'][k] = object.type newdict['_v_dflts'][k] = object.dflt nestedFormats.append(object.recarrtype) baserecarrtype = dtype.base.str[1:] nestedDType.append((kk, baserecarrtype, dtype.shape)) else: # A description nestedFormats.append(object._v_nested_formats) nestedDType.append((kk, object._v_dtype)) nested = True # Useful for debugging purposes # import traceback # if ptparams is None: # print("*** print_stack:") # traceback.print_stack() # Check whether we are gonna use padding or not. Two possibilities: # 1) Make padding True by default (except if ALLOW_PADDING is set # to False) # 2) Make padding False by default (except if ALLOW_PADDING is set # to True) # Currently we choose 1) because it favours honoring padding even on # unhandled situations (should be very few). # However, for development, option 2) is recommended as it catches # most of the unhandled situations. allow_padding = ptparams is None or ptparams['ALLOW_PADDING'] # allow_padding = ptparams is not None and ptparams['ALLOW_PADDING'] if (allow_padding and len(cols_offsets) > 1 and len(keys) == len(cols_with_pos) and len(keys) == len(cols_offsets) and not nested): # TODO: support offsets with nested types # We have to sort the offsets too, as they must follow the column # order. As the offsets and the pos should be place in the same # order, a single sort is enough here. cols_offsets.sort() valid_offsets = True else: newdict['_v_offsets'] = [] # Assign the format list to _v_nested_formats newdict['_v_nested_formats'] = nestedFormats if self._v_nestedlvl == 0: # Get recursively nested _v_nested_names and _v_nested_descr attrs self._g_set_nested_names_descr() # Get pathnames for nested groups self._g_set_path_names() # Check the _v_byteorder has been used an issue an Error if hasattr(self, "_v_byteorder"): raise ValueError( "Using a ``_v_byteorder`` in the description is obsolete. " "Use the byteorder parameter in the constructor instead.") # Compute the dtype with offsets or without # print("offsets ->", cols_offsets, nestedDType, nested, valid_offsets) if valid_offsets: # TODO: support offsets within nested types dtype_fields = { 'names': newdict['_v_names'], 'formats': nestedFormats, 'offsets': cols_offsets} itemsize = newdict.get('_v_itemsize', None) if itemsize is not None: dtype_fields['itemsize'] = itemsize dtype = np.dtype(dtype_fields) else: dtype = np.dtype(nestedDType) newdict['_v_dtype'] = dtype newdict['_v_itemsize'] = dtype.itemsize newdict['_v_offsets'] = [dtype.fields[name][1] for name in dtype.names] def _g_set_nested_names_descr(self): """Computes the nested names and descriptions for nested datatypes.""" names = self._v_names fmts = self._v_nested_formats self._v_nested_names = names[:] # Important to do a copy! self._v_nested_descr = list(zip(names, fmts)) for i, name in enumerate(names): new_object = self._v_colobjects[name] if isinstance(new_object, Description): new_object._g_set_nested_names_descr() # replace the column nested name by a correct tuple self._v_nested_names[i] = (name, new_object._v_nested_names) self._v_nested_descr[i] = (name, new_object._v_nested_descr) # set the _v_is_nested flag self._v_is_nested = True def _g_set_path_names(self): """Compute the pathnames for arbitrary nested descriptions. This method sets the ``_v_pathname`` and ``_v_pathnames`` attributes of all the elements (both descriptions and columns) in this nested description. """ def get_cols_in_order(description): return [description._v_colobjects[colname] for colname in description._v_names] def join_paths(path1, path2): if not path1: return path2 return f'{path1}/{path2}' # The top of the stack always has a nested description # and a list of its child columns # (be they nested ``Description`` or non-nested ``Col`` objects). # In the end, the list contains only a list of column paths # under this one. # # For instance, given this top of the stack:: # # (<Description X>, [<Column A>, <Column B>]) # # After computing the rest of the stack, the top is:: # # (<Description X>, ['a', 'a/m', 'a/n', ... , 'b', ...]) stack = [] # We start by pushing the top-level description # and its child columns. self._v_pathname = '' stack.append((self, get_cols_in_order(self))) while stack: desc, cols = stack.pop() head = cols[0] # What's the first child in the list? if isinstance(head, Description): # A nested description. We remove it from the list and # push it with its child columns. This will be the next # handled description. head._v_pathname = join_paths(desc._v_pathname, head._v_name) stack.append((desc, cols[1:])) # alter the top stack.append((head, get_cols_in_order(head))) # new top elif isinstance(head, Col): # A non-nested column. We simply remove it from the # list and append its name to it. head._v_pathname = join_paths(desc._v_pathname, head._v_name) cols.append(head._v_name) # alter the top stack.append((desc, cols[1:])) # alter the top else: # Since paths and names are appended *to the end* of # children lists, a string signals that no more children # remain to be processed, so we are done with the # description at the top of the stack. assert isinstance(head, str) # Assign the computed set of descendent column paths. desc._v_pathnames = cols if len(stack) > 0: # Compute the paths with respect to the parent node # (including the path of the current description) # and append them to its list. descName = desc._v_name colPaths = [join_paths(descName, path) for path in cols] colPaths.insert(0, descName) parentCols = stack[-1][1] parentCols.extend(colPaths) # (Nothing is pushed, we are done with this description.)
[docs] def _f_walk(self, type='All'): """Iterate over nested columns. If type is 'All' (the default), all column description objects (Col and Description instances) are yielded in top-to-bottom order (preorder). If type is 'Col' or 'Description', only column descriptions of that type are yielded. """ if type not in ["All", "Col", "Description"]: raise ValueError("""\ type can only take the parameters 'All', 'Col' or 'Description'.""") stack = [self] while stack: object = stack.pop(0) # pop at the front so as to ensure the order if type in ["All", "Description"]: yield object # yield description for name in object._v_names: new_object = object._v_colobjects[name] if isinstance(new_object, Description): stack.append(new_object) else: if type in ["All", "Col"]: yield new_object # yield column
def __repr__(self): """Gives a detailed Description column representation.""" rep = ['%s\"%s\": %r' % (" " * self._v_nestedlvl, k, self._v_colobjects[k]) for k in self._v_names] return '{\n %s}' % (',\n '.join(rep)) def __str__(self): """Gives a brief Description representation.""" return f'Description({self._v_nested_descr})'
class MetaIsDescription(type): """Helper metaclass to return the class variables as a dictionary.""" def __new__(mcs, classname, bases, classdict): """Return a new class with a "columns" attribute filled.""" newdict = {"columns": {}, } if '__doc__' in classdict: newdict['__doc__'] = classdict['__doc__'] for b in bases: if "columns" in b.__dict__: newdict["columns"].update(b.__dict__["columns"]) for k in classdict: # if not (k.startswith('__') or k.startswith('_v_')): # We let pass _v_ variables to configure class behaviour if not (k.startswith('__')): newdict["columns"][k] = classdict[k] # Return a new class with the "columns" attribute filled return type.__new__(mcs, classname, bases, newdict)
[docs]class IsDescription(metaclass=MetaIsDescription): """Description of the structure of a table or nested column. This class is designed to be used as an easy, yet meaningful way to describe the structure of new Table (see :ref:`TableClassDescr`) datasets or nested columns through the definition of *derived classes*. In order to define such a class, you must declare it as descendant of IsDescription, with as many attributes as columns you want in your table. The name of each attribute will become the name of a column, and its value will hold a description of it. Ordinary columns can be described using instances of the Col class (see :ref:`ColClassDescr`). Nested columns can be described by using classes derived from IsDescription, instances of it, or name-description dictionaries. Derived classes can be declared in place (in which case the column takes the name of the class) or referenced by name. Nested columns can have a _v_pos special attribute which sets the *relative* position of the column among sibling columns *also having explicit positions*. The pos constructor argument of Col instances is used for the same purpose. Columns with no explicit position will be placed afterwards in alphanumeric order. Once you have created a description object, you can pass it to the Table constructor, where all the information it contains will be used to define the table structure. .. rubric:: IsDescription attributes .. attribute:: _v_pos Sets the position of a possible nested column description among its sibling columns. This attribute can be specified *when declaring* an IsDescription subclass to complement its *metadata*. .. attribute:: columns Maps the name of each column in the description to its own descriptive object. This attribute is *automatically created* when an IsDescription subclass is declared. Please note that declared columns can no longer be accessed as normal class variables after its creation. """
[docs]def descr_from_dtype(dtype_, ptparams=None): """Get a description instance and byteorder from a (nested) NumPy dtype.""" fields = {} fbyteorder = '|' for name in dtype_.names: dtype, offset = dtype_.fields[name][:2] kind = dtype.base.kind byteorder = dtype.base.byteorder if byteorder in '><=': if fbyteorder not in ['|', byteorder]: raise NotImplementedError( "structured arrays with mixed byteorders " "are not supported yet, sorry") fbyteorder = byteorder # Non-nested column if kind in 'biufSUc': col = Col.from_dtype(dtype, pos=offset, _offset=offset) # Nested column elif kind == 'V' and dtype.shape in [(), (1,)]: if dtype.shape != (): warnings.warn( "nested descriptions will be converted to scalar") col, _ = descr_from_dtype(dtype.base, ptparams=ptparams) col._v_pos = offset col._v_offset = offset else: raise NotImplementedError( "structured arrays with columns with type description ``%s`` " "are not supported yet, sorry" % dtype) fields[name] = col return Description(fields, ptparams=ptparams), fbyteorder
[docs]def dtype_from_descr(descr, byteorder=None, ptparams=None): """Get a (nested) NumPy dtype from a description instance and byteorder. The descr parameter can be a Description or IsDescription instance, sub-class of IsDescription or a dictionary. """ if isinstance(descr, dict): descr = Description(descr, ptparams=ptparams) elif (type(descr) == type(IsDescription) and issubclass(descr, IsDescription)): descr = Description(descr().columns, ptparams=ptparams) elif isinstance(descr, IsDescription): descr = Description(descr.columns, ptparams=ptparams) elif not isinstance(descr, Description): raise ValueError('invalid description: %r' % descr) dtype_ = descr._v_dtype if byteorder and byteorder != '|': dtype_ = dtype_.newbyteorder(byteorder) return dtype_
if __name__ == "__main__": """Test code.""" class Info(IsDescription): _v_pos = 2 Name = UInt32Col() Value = Float64Col() class Test(IsDescription): """A description that has several columns.""" x = Col.from_type("int32", 2, 0, pos=0) y = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2, 3)) z = UInt8Col(dflt=1) color = StringCol(2, dflt=" ") # color = UInt32Col(2) Info = Info() class info(IsDescription): _v_pos = 1 name = UInt32Col() value = Float64Col(pos=0) y2 = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2, 3), pos=1) z2 = UInt8Col(dflt=1) class info2(IsDescription): y3 = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2, 3)) z3 = UInt8Col(dflt=1) name = UInt32Col() value = Float64Col() class info3(IsDescription): name = UInt32Col() value = Float64Col() y4 = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2, 3)) z4 = UInt8Col(dflt=1) # class Info(IsDescription): # _v_pos = 2 # Name = StringCol(itemsize=2) # Value = ComplexCol(itemsize=16) # class Test(IsDescription): # """A description that has several columns""" # x = Col.from_type("int32", 2, 0, pos=0) # y = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2,3)) # z = UInt8Col(dflt=1) # color = StringCol(2, dflt=" ") # Info = Info() # class info(IsDescription): # _v_pos = 1 # name = StringCol(itemsize=2) # value = ComplexCol(itemsize=16, pos=0) # y2 = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2,3), pos=1) # z2 = UInt8Col(dflt=1) # class info2(IsDescription): # y3 = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2,3)) # z3 = UInt8Col(dflt=1) # name = StringCol(itemsize=2) # value = ComplexCol(itemsize=16) # class info3(IsDescription): # name = StringCol(itemsize=2) # value = ComplexCol(itemsize=16) # y4 = Col.from_kind('float', dflt=1, shape=(2,3)) # z4 = UInt8Col(dflt=1) # example cases of class Test klass = Test() # klass = Info() desc = Description(klass.columns) print("Description representation (short) ==>", desc) print("Description representation (long) ==>", repr(desc)) print("Column names ==>", desc._v_names) print("Column x ==>", desc.x) print("Column Info ==>", desc.Info) print("Column Info.value ==>", desc.Info.Value) print("Nested column names ==>", desc._v_nested_names) print("Defaults ==>", desc._v_dflts) print("Nested Formats ==>", desc._v_nested_formats) print("Nested Descriptions ==>", desc._v_nested_descr) print("Nested Descriptions (info) ==>", print("Total size ==>", desc._v_dtype.itemsize) # check _f_walk for object in desc._f_walk(): if isinstance(object, Description): print("******begin object*************", end=' ') print("name -->", object._v_name) # print("name -->", # print("object childs-->", object._v_names) # print("object nested childs-->", object._v_nested_names) print("totalsize-->", object._v_dtype.itemsize) else: # pass print("leaf -->", object._v_name, object.dtype) class testDescParent(IsDescription): c = Int32Col() class testDesc(testDescParent): pass assert 'c' in testDesc.columns