# Source code for tables.earray

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

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#
# Created: December 15, 2003
# Author: Francesc Alted - faltet@pytables.com
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# $Id$
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"""Here is defined the EArray class."""
from __future__ import absolute_import

import numpy

from .utils import convert_to_np_atom2, SizeType
from .carray import CArray
from six.moves import range

# default version for EARRAY objects
# obversion = "1.0"    # initial version
# obversion = "1.1"    # support for complex datatypes
# obversion = "1.2"    # This adds support for time datatypes.
# obversion = "1.3"    # This adds support for enumerated datatypes.
obversion = "1.4"    # Numeric and numarray flavors are gone.

[docs]class EArray(CArray): """This class represents extendable, homogeneous datasets in an HDF5 file. The main difference between an EArray and a CArray (see :ref:CArrayClassDescr), from which it inherits, is that the former can be enlarged along one of its dimensions, the *enlargeable dimension*. That means that the :attr:Leaf.extdim attribute (see :class:Leaf) of any EArray instance will always be non-negative. Multiple enlargeable dimensions might be supported in the future. New rows can be added to the end of an enlargeable array by using the :meth:EArray.append method. Parameters ---------- parentnode The parent :class:Group object. .. versionchanged:: 3.0 Renamed from *parentNode* to *parentnode*. name : str The name of this node in its parent group. atom An Atom instance representing the *type* and *shape* of the atomic objects to be saved. shape The shape of the new array. One (and only one) of the shape dimensions *must* be 0. The dimension being 0 means that the resulting EArray object can be extended along it. Multiple enlargeable dimensions are not supported right now. title A description for this node (it sets the TITLE HDF5 attribute on disk). filters An instance of the Filters class that provides information about the desired I/O filters to be applied during the life of this object. expectedrows A user estimate about the number of row elements that will be added to the growable dimension in the EArray node. If not provided, the default value is EXPECTED_ROWS_EARRAY (see tables/parameters.py). If you plan to create either a much smaller or a much bigger EArray try providing a guess; this will optimize the HDF5 B-Tree creation and management process time and the amount of memory used. chunkshape The shape of the data chunk to be read or written in a single HDF5 I/O operation. Filters are applied to those chunks of data. The dimensionality of chunkshape must be the same as that of shape (beware: no dimension should be 0 this time!). If None, a sensible value is calculated based on the expectedrows parameter (which is recommended). byteorder The byteorder of the data *on disk*, specified as 'little' or 'big'. If this is not specified, the byteorder is that of the platform. track_times Whether time data associated with the leaf are recorded (object access time, raw data modification time, metadata change time, object birth time); default True. Semantics of these times depend on their implementation in the HDF5 library: refer to documentation of the H5O_info_t data structure. As of HDF5 1.8.15, only ctime (metadata change time) is implemented. .. versionadded:: 3.4.3 Examples -------- See below a small example of the use of the EArray class. The code is available in examples/earray1.py:: import tables import numpy fileh = tables.open_file('earray1.h5', mode='w') a = tables.StringAtom(itemsize=8) # Use a as the object type for the enlargeable array. array_c = fileh.create_earray(fileh.root, 'array_c', a, (0,), \"Chars\") array_c.append(numpy.array(['a'*2, 'b'*4], dtype='S8')) array_c.append(numpy.array(['a'*6, 'b'*8, 'c'*10], dtype='S8')) # Read the string EArray we have created on disk. for s in array_c: print('array_c[%s] => %r' % (array_c.nrow, s)) # Close the file. fileh.close() The output for the previous script is something like:: array_c[0] => 'aa' array_c[1] => 'bbbb' array_c[2] => 'aaaaaa' array_c[3] => 'bbbbbbbb' array_c[4] => 'cccccccc' """ # Class identifier. _c_classid = 'EARRAY' # Special methods # ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ def __init__(self, parentnode, name, atom=None, shape=None, title="", filters=None, expectedrows=None, chunkshape=None, byteorder=None, _log=True, track_times=True): # Specific of EArray if expectedrows is None: expectedrows = parentnode._v_file.params['EXPECTED_ROWS_EARRAY'] self._v_expectedrows = expectedrows """The expected number of rows to be stored in the array.""" # Call the parent (CArray) init code super(EArray, self).__init__(parentnode, name, atom, shape, title, filters, chunkshape, byteorder, _log, track_times) # Public and private methods # ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ def _g_create(self): """Create a new array in file (specific part).""" # Pre-conditions and extdim computation zerodims = numpy.sum(numpy.array(self.shape) == 0) if zerodims > 0: if zerodims == 1: self.extdim = list(self.shape).index(0) else: raise NotImplementedError( "Multiple enlargeable (0-)dimensions are not " "supported.") else: raise ValueError( "When creating EArrays, you need to set one of " "the dimensions of the Atom instance to zero.") # Finish the common part of the creation process return self._g_create_common(self._v_expectedrows) def _check_shape_append(self, nparr): "Test that nparr shape is consistent with underlying EArray." # The arrays conforms self expandibility? myrank = len(self.shape) narank = len(nparr.shape) - len(self.atom.shape) if myrank != narank: raise ValueError(("the ranks of the appended object (%d) and the " "%s EArray (%d) differ") % (narank, self._v_pathname, myrank)) for i in range(myrank): if i != self.extdim and self.shape[i] != nparr.shape[i]: raise ValueError(("the shapes of the appended object and the " "%s EArray differ in non-enlargeable " "dimension %d") % (self._v_pathname, i))
[docs] def append(self, sequence): """Add a sequence of data to the end of the dataset. The sequence must have the same type as the array; otherwise a TypeError is raised. In the same way, the dimensions of the sequence must conform to the shape of the array, that is, all dimensions must match, with the exception of the enlargeable dimension, which can be of any length (even 0!). If the shape of the sequence is invalid, a ValueError is raised. """ self._g_check_open() self._v_file._check_writable() # Convert the sequence into a NumPy object nparr = convert_to_np_atom2(sequence, self.atom) # Check if it has a consistent shape with underlying EArray self._check_shape_append(nparr) # If the size of the nparr is zero, don't do anything else if nparr.size > 0: self._append(nparr)
def _g_copy_with_stats(self, group, name, start, stop, step, title, filters, chunkshape, _log, **kwargs): """Private part of Leaf.copy() for each kind of leaf.""" (start, stop, step) = self._process_range_read(start, stop, step) # Build the new EArray object maindim = self.maindim shape = list(self.shape) shape[maindim] = 0 # The number of final rows nrows = len(range(start, stop, step)) # Build the new EArray object object = EArray( group, name, atom=self.atom, shape=shape, title=title, filters=filters, expectedrows=nrows, chunkshape=chunkshape, _log=_log) # Now, fill the new earray with values from source nrowsinbuf = self.nrowsinbuf # The slices parameter for self.__getitem__ slices = [slice(0, dim, 1) for dim in self.shape] # This is a hack to prevent doing unnecessary conversions # when copying buffers self._v_convert = False # Start the copy itself for start2 in range(start, stop, step * nrowsinbuf): # Save the records on disk stop2 = start2 + step * nrowsinbuf if stop2 > stop: stop2 = stop # Set the proper slice in the extensible dimension slices[maindim] = slice(start2, stop2, step) object._append(self.__getitem__(tuple(slices))) # Active the conversion again (default) self._v_convert = True nbytes = numpy.prod(self.shape, dtype=SizeType) * self.atom.itemsize return (object, nbytes)
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